Dr. Marshall’s research utilizes mathematical modeling, computer programming, and data analysis to better understand our planet and its processes. Since arriving at Appalachian State University, he has worked on research in fault and fracture mechanics, satellite geodesy, near-surface geophysics, and several other Earth science data analysis projects. Much of his research has been funded by the Southern California Earthquake Center as well as other agencies. In 2016, Dr. Marshall was named one of Appalachian’s Faculty of Distinction.
The first aspect of Dr. Marshall’s research program is focused on understanding the physics of fracture and fault behavior. Much of his work has focused on modeling the mechanics of the complex network of active earthquake-producing faults in southern California. The main questions of this research are:
- How do geometrically-complex faults and fault systems behave? What is their slip behavior? What types of surface deformation can be expected from geometrically-complex fault systems? How do geometrically-complex faults perturb local stress fields and interact with each other? What is the seismic potential of complex fault systems?
A second aspect of Dr. Marshall’s research involves satellite geodesy, which involves using satellite data to measure motions of the surface of the Earth. His recent work has focused on two main techniques that offer accurate and high-resolution measurements of surface motions: the Global Positioning System (GPS) and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). The general goals of this research are:
- To quantify the spatiotemporal patterns of both tectonic and non-tectonic (often human-induced) deformation in tectonically active regions.
- To determine the activity level, locations, and geometry of faults in tectonically active regions. This requires the integration of geodetic data and fault modeling.
A third aspect of Dr. Marshall’s research involves using field-based geophysical measurements to determine the geological configuration of the shallow subsurface. His work has focused on using Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR), direct current electrical resistivity, and seismic refraction surveying to image the subsurface for both geological and environmental purposes.
Dr. Marshall is also a self-admitted computer geek, and has assisted numerous colleagues with computer building/design and data analysis and visualization.
- B.S. Wright State University
- M.S. University of Idaho
- Ph.D. University of Massachusetts
- GLY 1101 - Introduction to Physical Geology
- GLY/PHY 3160 - Introduction to Geophysics (cross-listed with Physics)
- GLY/ENV 3455 - Quantitative Data Analysis of Earth and Environmental Scientists (cross-listed with Environmental Science)
- GLY 1103 - Introduction to Environmental and Applied Geology (Iceland Summer Course - Land of Fire and Ice)
Website and CV
Visit Dr. Marshall's profile on Google Scholar.
- Dorsett, J. H., Madden, E. H., Marshall, S. T., & Cooke, M. L. (2019). Mechanical Models Suggest Fault Linkage through the Imperial Valley, California, USA Mechanical Models Suggest Fault Linkage through the Imperial Valley, California, USA. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America ,109 (4): 1217-1234.
- Hughes, A., Rood, D. H., Whittaker, A. C., Bell, R. E., Rockwell, T. K., Levy, Y., ... & Marshall, S. T. (2018). Geomorphic evidence for the geometry and slip rate of a young, low-angle thrust fault: Implications for hazard assessment and fault interaction in complex tectonic environments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 504, 198-210.
- Beyer, J., Cooke, M. L., & Marshall, S. T. (2018). Sensitivity of deformation to activity along the Mill Creek and Mission Creek strands of the southern San Andreas fault. Geosphere, 14(6), 2296-2310.
- Resor, P. G., Cooke, M. L., Marshall, S. T., & Madden, E. H. (2018). Influence of fault geometry on the spatial distribution of long‐term slip with implications for determining representative fault‐slip rates. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 108(4), 1837-1852.
Title: Professor: Geophysics, Satellite Geodesy, and Fracture Mechanics
Department: Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences
Email address: Email me
Phone: (828) 265-8680